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Learning Goal: I’m working on a assembly language question and need a reference to help me learn.

An assembly language is a programming language that communicates with the hardware of a computer directly. An assembly language allows a to code using words and expressions that can be easier to understand and interpret than the binary or hexadecimal data the computer stores and reads. Assembly languages often serve as intermediaries, allowing for developing more complex programming languages, which can offer further efficiency to a developer.

Some professional industries still use assembly language when creating programs or functions. For example, some financial firms and marketplaces platforms, which developers write in assembly language. By having the only processor translate from an assembly code, these professionals can save processing time other firms may spend on the additional translation from a higher-level code.

How do assembly languages work?

Assembly languages differ between hardware architectures. A computer’s architecture includes its machine components, hardware design, processor and the relationships it has with other machines. Specific computer architectures have corresponding assembly languages. Although the assembly languages are specific to their hardware, they typically run various operating systems, meaning an assembly language can often be compatible with any programming language.

An assembler is a program that translates commands into machine code. The assembler gathers the instructions from the assembly language and translates each action into a series of electrical signals the machine can interpret. Although specifics for assembly languages can vary, there are common components an assembly language is likely to use, including: