In America Divided, historians Maurice Isserman and Michael Kazin close their second chapter by observing: Black Americans had awakened in the 1940s and 50s to the possibility that freedom universally invoked as the purpose of both World War II and the Cold War might finally benefit them. But, by the early 60s, it had become obvious to black activists and their white allies that the authorities, both North and South, rarely aided the process of liberation unless as during the Freedom Rides the movement made it politically uncomfortable for them to stall (42).
What strategies and tactics did civil rights activists use at the grassroots level?
How did these actions translate into significant changes at the policy level (i.e., judicial, executive, and legislative shifts)?
What were the limits of government policy in affecting meaningful societal change?
Be sure to answer the questions completely and support your argument with evidence from at least one secondary source (Isserman/Kazin and Schulman) and one primary source (Major Problems documents and Muhammad Ali video). Additionally, you may use and cite other course materials such as video resources