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Explain the difference between civil liberties (i.e. due process rights guaranteed by the 5th and 14th Amendments) and civil rights (i.e. equal protection of law rights guaranteed by the 14th Amendment). How is the role of government different in protecting civil liberties than it is in protecting civil rights?

Why has the advancement of civil rights by statutes like the Civil Rights Acts of 1964 [which protects Americans from discrimination in public accommodations] and the Voting Rights Act of 1965 [which guarantees equal access to the voting booth], been much more politically controversial than the nationalization of civil liberties? In particular, why have efforts to guarantee all Americans equality of opportunity by reducing de facto discrimination in education and employment [such as Affirmative Action], and housing [such as banning redlining] been even more politically controversial than the earlier struggle to eliminate de jure discrimination?