The writer needs to use ICEBERG model Topic overview Record an eight-minute presentation that details a comparative case study on a public health issue among two population groups in a chosen location. Explore the determinants of health, health inequalities and inequities, and describe evidence-based public health approaches for addressing the identified determinants, inequalities and inequities.
You are required to provide a recommendation as to which of the two population groups should receive funding to address the public health issue. This assessment draws on the content covered in Weeks 1, 2, 3 and 4. Assessment criteria This assessment will measure your ability to: Identify and describe a public health issue (15%) Compare the determinants of health and public health approaches (50%) Make recommendations (20%) Deliver an engaging, properly referenced presentation (15%)
Guidelines You are working as a Public Health Officer for a public health organisation and your Manager has asked you to prepare a presentation to brief the organisation’s CEO and Board about a health issue. The organisation only has enough funding to focus on one population group to address the health issue. Given this, you must prepare a comparative case study that will conclude with a recommendation as to which population group should receive the funding for public health interventions to address the health issue. For your case study, choose one from each of the following columns in the table below:
Health issue Population groups Country (you may decide to narrow your focus to urban or rural areas within the country you have chosen) Example: Physical activity participation (A); young men aged 12–21 and young women aged 12–21 (B); Australia, rural (C). Once you have selected your health issue, population and location (including whether the focus will be urban or rural) from the list, you may need to narrow down the focus of your health issue; within your health issue, select a specific focus. For example, if you select vaccinations as the health issue, which vaccination will be your focus (e.g. flu, MMR, COVID-19 vaccination)?
Unpack the determinants of the health issue in the country selected and compare the determinants of health between the two populations groups. You must consider the social, environmental, biological, behavioural and economic determinants of health. Based on the evidence you present you will need make recommendations to the Board about which population group the scarce funding should be allocated to for public health interventions. In preparing your presentation consider the following: The public health problem Clearly identify and describe the health issue, the population groups and the country (including whether your focus is rural or urban)
Describe and compare the incidence/prevalence of the health issue for each population group Describe and compare the burden of disease (if known) of the health issue for each population group The determinants of health Using the iceberg model, describe and compare the known determinants of health (social, environmental, biological, behavioural and economic) of the health issue for each population group Describe and compare the health disparity and health inequity of the health issue for each population group Public health approaches
Describe evidence-based public health approaches for addressing the determinants identified for each of the two population groups Recommendations Recommend which of the two population groups should receive funding and why Recommend one or more public health approaches for the chosen population groups Based on the evidence you have presented, propose recommendations for which population group funding should be allocated to for future public health interventions.
The purpose of your presentation is to provide information that can be used to inform decisions about how scarce funds are spent to address a public health problem. Given this, your presentation must: clearly and succinctly summarise the available evidence about the health issue; be neutral – that is, do not provide your personal opinions; and balanced (e.g. all evidence should be included that describes all sides of the health issue).
When preparing your presentation, assume the audience knows very little about the issue. You must use credible sources as references to support your statements. Credible sources include peer- reviewed journal articles; systematic reviews; government or government agency reports and population data sources (e.g. national health surveys, census data, data registries); international body reports and population data sources (e.g. WHO, UN, World Bank); and peak body / organisation reports (grey literature).
The public health problem This description is reflective of an A: Excellent grade (>80%).Excellent identification and description of the health issue, the population groups and the country.Excellent describing, comparing and contrasting of the incidence/prevalence and burden of disease of the health issue for the population groups in the selected country.The significance and the extent of the public health problem is clear.Excellent use of evidence (references) to support.No errors or omissions.
Maximum score 15 The determinants of health and public health approaches This description is reflective of an A: Excellent grade (>80%).Excellent describing, comparing and contrasting of the determinants of health that consider the social, environmental, biological, behavioural and economic factors for each population group within the selected country using the health iceberg.Excellent describing, comparing and contrasting of the health disparities and health inequities of the health issue for the population groups within the selected country.
Excellent identification, description and range of evidence-based public health approaches that are appropriate for addressing the determinants for each of the two population groups.Excellent use of evidence (references) to support.No errors or omissions. Maximum score 50 Recommendations This description is reflective of an A: Excellent grade (>80%).Excellent recommendations for which population group funding should be allocated to for future public health interventions based on the evidence presented.
Excellent recommendations for the public health approach/s that should be adopted to address the identified determinants of health and health inequalities, based on the evidence presented.No errors or omissions. Maximum score 20 Presentation and referencing This description is reflective of an A: Excellent grade (>80%).Excellent presentation, including excellent clarity, timing, use of visual aids and extremely engaging.No errors or omission in the application of APA7 referencing. Maximum score 15