Coral Reef Research & Statistics
The paper will follow the structure and style of a technical/government report and include sections such as Executive Summary (i.e. abstract), Introduction, Methods, Results, Discussion, Acknowledgements, and Literature Cited. You choose a hypothesis and prediction listed below and evaluate these components using statistical analysis. Your analytical approach does not have to be overly technical or complex to be adequate; more importantly, you should choose and describe an approach that is defensible and makes sense based on your hypothesis and unique dataset (more on this below). However, since you’ll be analyzing ecological data, which often involves modeling response variables that do not conform to a normal distribution or requires multiple explanatory variables to characterize a system, a t-test or simple linear regression will likely not be sufficient.
The topic is on coral reef conservation and incorporates a statistical modeling procedure. The data you model will ideally be some you’ve collected on your own or have been provided by your boss, a research collaborator, etc. but have yet to analyze. Don’t worry if you don’t have your own data; many authors provide data as supplementary material with their papers (some journals make this a requirement for publication), and there are numerous repositories (e.g., Dryad (Links to an external site.)) that have publicly available data.