For this discussion, in three to four paragraphs, contrast two nursing models and theories found in your reading.
Discuss how they are similar or different in the way the define/discuss health and wellness, illness, the client, the environment, and nursing.
Summarize by selecting the one model or theory that aligns best with your beliefs and then
describe how this would affect the way in which you would practice nursing.
One nursing model is the Health Promotion Model, developed by Nola Pender in 1982. This model is focused on the promotion of health and prevention of illness rather than on the treatment of illness. The model emphasizes the importance of personal factors such as individual characteristics, behavior, and perception in determining health outcomes. It also recognizes the influence of environmental factors such as family, community, and culture on health behaviors. Nurses using this model would focus on health promotion and prevention strategies that aim to improve overall wellness.
Another nursing model is the Roy Adaptation Model, developed by Sister Callista Roy in 1970. This model is based on the concept of adaptation, which is the process by which individuals respond to changes in their environment. The model proposes that adaptation is the primary goal of nursing and that nurses should focus on facilitating adaptation in their clients. The model emphasizes the importance of the client's perception of their environment and their ability to adapt to it. Nurses using this model would focus on identifying environmental stressors that affect their clients and helping them to adapt and cope with these stressors.
Both models have similarities in their focus on the client, the environment, and the importance of individual perception and behavior in health outcomes. However, they differ in their approach to health and wellness. The Health Promotion Model emphasizes the promotion of health and wellness through behavior change and prevention, while the Roy Adaptation Model focuses on the client's ability to adapt to their environment and cope with illness or stress.
Personally, I align more with the Health Promotion Model as I believe in the importance of prevention and promoting overall wellness. This would affect the way I practice nursing by focusing on preventive care and health promotion strategies in my patient care. I would prioritize education and resources that aim to improve patient health behaviors and lifestyles, rather than just treating illnesses after they occur.