Understand why physician independence started to change in the 1990s.

 Explain why clinical leadership is the key to getting physicians on board for achieving hospital-/

health organization-wide improvements in clinical quality.

 Describe the motivations and accountabilities that physicians have in trade-off for their clinical  

decision making.

 Describe five executive traits of successful leaders.

 Discuss the role of the chief nurse executive as a valued member of the leadership team.

 Understand interdisciplinary education and its importance for the future of health care.