. Discuss the causes and effects of the Middle East Refugee Crisis. 

What are the root (long term) and immediate causes and the main consequences of the crisis?

 Be sure to discuss the long-term and immediate impact on the crisis of Western intervention and imperialism, nation-state building, nationalism,

 and the relationship between ethno-religious identity, access to power, and conflict. Don’t get bogged down in details!! Write as if you are trying to tell the essentials of this story to an educated, but uninitiated audience (similar to yourselves before you took this course) that has a limited amount of time to listen or read. 

What do you consider the most important points, issues, connections, and ideas to get across to the reader?

 Explain, illustrate, and justify your points through concrete examples drawn from the course’s readings (Books stated at the end) and outside sources that rely on serious/academic scholarship. 

The following topics are suggestions: 

TOPIC 1 1-) Choose a country in the Middle East 2-) Specify the minor​‌‍‍‍‌‍‍‍‌‍‍‍‌‌‌‌‌‌‍‍​ity actors – Ethnic or religious or ethno-religious group(s) 3-) Ask and answer the following questions in your research paper? 

– What was and is the social, economic and political climate for minorities?

 If (violent or nonviolent) tension/conflict exists, what is the historical origin of the conflict?

 – Historical Background – When has the tension/conflict started or intensified and why? –

 Do they have any support from outside actors? – What is the claim of this group? 

– Economic Discrimination? – Political Discrimination? – Religious Discrimination? –