One common characteristic of charismatic leaders is that they have a clear vision for the future and communicate this vision to their followers. 

Escalante was a charismatic leader who talked to his students about their futures. In the film, he speaks in metaphors, such as looking at “the road ahead” while driving, and makes vivid comparisons of the different lifestyles students will have depending on the choices they make.

In real life and in the movie, the organization that administers the AP Calculus test accuses Escalante’s students of cheating. Escalante has his students retake the exam to prove that their high scores were not a result of cheating. His willingness to have them take the exam a second time is evidence of which leadership behavior?

Inviting dissent

Developing a vision

Staying calm under pressure

Trusting subordinates