erty and want”? What did he mean by “the mother’s crime”?
. Why did Riis believe “waifs” were abandoned? What did his account suggest
about the families of the waifs? About the city’s government and social welfare
. What were “pay babies”? What did they suggest about poor mothers?
What was “baby-farming”? Why did Riis consider it “fi endish”? What were
poor families trying to accomplish by baby-farming?
. How did better-off New Yorkers respond to the problems of waifs and their
Why did they respond as they did? Why did Riis consider these
responses “a silver lining, bright with promise”?