Again, labels are often a good source of biographical detail. In some museums volunteer docents are available to answer questions about an artist’s life and works.
Feminist and gender studies analysis: Is the role of women in the artwork important? Is the artist commenting on the experience of women in society? Is the artist a woman?
How does the gender of the artist affect his or her work? How does your own gender affect your experience of viewing the artwork?
Contextual analysis: Would you understand the work better if you knew something about the history of the era in which it was created, or about religious, political, economic, and social issues that influenced its creation?