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Identifying Research Problem and

Developing Research Question

Term

Example

Topic/ Focus

Fear of childbirth among pregnant women

Research problem (problem statement)

Many women have a fear of childbirth, which has a negative impact on their psychological wellbeing during pregnancy, as well as on their overall birth experience. Thus, it is important to recognize the reason behind the fear and identify strategies and interventions that will alleviate fear and promote safe and positive birth experiences.

Research question

What strategies and interventions are effective in alleviating fear of childbirth and promoting positive birth experiences among pregnant women?

Variables understudy

Independent variable: type of intervention/strategy

Dependent variable: level of fear, satisfaction with birth experience