Escalante trusts his students. He believes in their ability to score high on the test and is confident that they will do so when there is no opportunity to cheat. Transformational leaders demonstrate trust and confidence in their followers, giving them responsibility and supporting them if others have doubts.

In real life, Jaime Escalante eventually left Garfield High School to teach elsewhere. Imagine that you work for a transformative leader who leaves your organization to pursue a new opportunity. You now have a new manager who is not as talented a leader.

Select the correct answers to the following question.

Your manager has left, and their successor is not as skilled a leader. Which characteristics of your organization would substitute for the missing leadership? Check all that apply.

Strong group cohesion

Informal lines of authority

Clear, inflexible rules

Predictable rewards