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  • Choose an original song and a cover version of that song. Post both versions with live YouTube links (make sure they are highlighted in blue!).  Label the original and the cover with the title and the artist. You may not use any musical works that were used as examples of covers and arrangements in this module. 

  • Briefly, use musical vocabulary terms to describe at least two elements of music that are different in the original version as compared to the cover version. 

  • Use musical vocabulary terms to describe at least one element that is the same.

  • Please demonstrate that you understand what the musical vocabulary means and highlight all musical vocabulary terms in bold font. You should use a minimum of three vocabulary terms. However, you are advised to use as many as you can to demonstrate your knowledge.

  • Use critical thinking to answer the following question: Why would a musical artist choose to make a cover version of an existing musical work rather than write their own original work? Be specific and provide an example to support your reasoning.

Musical Vocabulary
  • Aria - a melodic vocal piece in an opera or oratorio often designed to showcase a solo singer. Generally has a repeating section and contrasting section. 
  • Basso continuo - a bass part that runs continuously throughout a musical work. Often played by a chordal instrument (harpsichord or lute) and bass instrument (cello or bass viol). 
  • Basso ostinato (ground bass) (Links to an external site.) - a short musical idea in the bass line that repeats continuously throughout a musical work.
  • Cadenza - an extended solo section for a virtuoso performer. May be improvised or semi-improvised, designed to showcase talent.
  • Chorus (Links to an external site.) - a vocal work performed by a fairly large group of singers. Common in operas and oratorios. 
  • Concerto (solo) - an instrumental genre that features a solo instrument that contrasts with a group of instruments called the ripieno.
  • Concerto grosso - an instrumental genre that features a small group of solo instruments that contrasts with a larger group of instruments called the ripieno.
  • Counterpoint (Links to an external site.) - the art of combining two or more melodies. A type of polyphony.
  • Fugue - an instrumental genre that features counterpoint.
  • Harpsichord (Links to an external site.)– a popular Baroque keyboard instrument that was the forerunner of the piano.
  • Key (Links to an external site.) - a specific scale (collection of notes) that are used to compose a musical work. Can be major or minor.
  • Libretto - the text of an opera. 
  • Major (Links to an external site.) - a term referring to a musical work that uses the notes of the major scale. A type of musical mode.
  • Minor (Links to an external site.) - a term referring to a musical work that uses the notes of the minor scale. A type of musical mode.
  • Mode (Links to an external site.) - a series of notes in an octave that forms the basis of a musical composition.
  • Movement - a section of a larger musical work.  Multimovement instrumental works include concertos and symphonies.
  • Opera - a sung drama that includes costumes, scenery, and acting. 
  • Opera seria (Links to an external site.) - a heroic or tragic Italian opera.
  • Oratorio- a sacred version of an opera that uses the same types of vocal works (aria, recitative, chorus, etc.) but without the costumes, scenery, or acting.
  • Ornamentation (Links to an external site.)– notes that serve to decorate a melody.
  • Overture (Links to an external site.) - an instrumental opening to a larger musical work, such as an opera. In the Romantic era, overtures were sometimes composed as stand-alone works.
  • Program Music - a type of instrumental music (music without a vocalist) that is designed to tell a story.
  • Recitative - a vocal genre often found in operas and oratorios that is a cross between singing and speaking. Often non-metrical and syllabic.
  • Ripieno (Links to an external site.) - the larger group of non-solo instruments in a concerto.
  • Ritornello Form- a type of musical form with a repeating section or refrain.
  • Scale (Links to an external site.) - a series of notes in an octave that defines a mode. For example, the major scale and the minor scale.
  • Subject - the main theme of a fugue.
  • Terraced dynamics - sudden changes between dynamic levels from loud to soft or soft to loud.
  • Tonic (Links to an external site.) - the first note of a musical scale; the "home note" of a musical work that sounds conclusive.
  • Tutti - a term meaning "all together."