To what extent did Debs’s advocacy of socialism address the issues raised by  


Stanley B. Norvell?

 Did Norvell endorse Debs’s stance toward the war and  


other matters?


 The wartime appeal to patriotism intensifi ed domestic concerns about who  


was authentically American. Considering the documents in this chapter, what  


ideas do you think existed about who genuine Americans were, how they  


could be recognized, and what their duties and responsibilities were?