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What portrait of factory and political bosses emerges from the descriptions in

these documents? How did bosses differ from working people? Why? To what

extent did working people cooperate with bosses? Why?


To what extent did Thomas O’Donnell’s experiences with factory work com

pare with the experiences of women domestic servants, and the parents of

abandoned children?


 To what extent were Plunkitt’s notions of politics shared by the socialists and

anarchists Wyckoff heard in Chicago? How were mothers and caretakers of

abandoned children infl uenced by politics as practiced by Plunkitt?