In what ways did the editors of the North American Review’s arguments about  

American war aims differ from Eugene V. Debs’s views? What accounted for  

the differences? How might each have responded to the other?


How does the doughboy’s letter reinforce or dispute the pro-war stance conveyed in the North American Review?


. To what extent were A. Mitchell Palmer’s raids against the Red menace an  

outgrowth of President Wilson’s wartime policies?

 Based on the documents in  

this chapter, how might Debs have responded to Palmer?