Because of the transmission of identity from one generation to the next, most children share at least some traits with their parents.

 These are vertical identities. Attributes and values are passed down from parent to child across the generations not only through strands of DNA, but also through shared cultural norms. Ethnicity, for example, is a vertical identity. Children of color are in general born to parents of color; the genetic fact of skin pigmentation is transmitted across generations along with a self-image as a person of color, even though that self-image may be subject to generational flux. .

.What exactly is a vertical identity? What specifically is it based on?

 

.What does Solomon mean by referring to “shared cultural norms”?

 What do they have to do with vertical identities?

 

What does Solomon mean by claiming that race is a vertical trait “transmitted across generations along with a self

-image of a person of color, even though that self-image may be subject to generational flux”?