What is the basis of authority for a “religious” leader in the area: book learning, lineage, charisma, etc.?

What power and role, if any, does the formal religious system play in local peoples’ daily lives?

How do local practices of a religion the U.S. Military has encountered elsewhere differ from what the U.S. Military thinks the religion is “supposed” to look like?

Who is the actual leader of the local religious community?

How do religious leaders relate to the educated elite vs. popular groups, etic?