.What might Solomon mean when he refers to how horizontal identities are formed by observing and participating

 in a “subculture outside the family’?


a. An individual may find themselves feeling pressure within their family and thus are unable to act outside that

 traditional way without first being able to separate themselves as individuals from their families’ group mindset.


Why does Solomon believe that sexual orientation is a “horizontal identity”?


a. Typically the idea was a traditional male and female relationship but as of recent years this idea has become

 more and more lax and thus allows much more flexibility with relationships between individuals being of the same gender, and others.