The manager of a car wash received a revised price list from the vendor who supplies soap, and
a promise of a shorter lead time for deliveries. Formerly, the lead time was four days, but now
the vendor promises a reduction of 25 percent in that time. Annual usage of soap is 4,500 gallons. The car wash is open 360 days a year. Assume that daily usage is normal, and that it has a
standard deviation of 2 gallons per day. The ordering cost is $30 and annual carrying cost is $3 a
gallon. The revised price list (cost per gallon) is shown in the following table.
Quantity Unit Price
800 + 1.62
a. What order quantity is optimal?
b. What ROP is appropriate if the acceptable risk of a stockout is 1.5 percent?