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This assignment requires you to write two paragraphs to explore the issue you select from
the list below. Each paragraph should focus on one topic related to your issue. For example,
if you select Sports Gender Pay Gap, first begin by determining what you know about the
overall issue. Why do some experts argue for a gender pay gap in sports? Why do some
experts argue against that same pay gap? What solutions regarding dealing with the sports gender pay gap are important to consider? What do you think your own position on the issue
would be? Then, determine two reasons (topics) that you want to explore in this prewrite
assignment related to the Sports Gender Pay Gap. Write one paragraph exploring one topic
(reason) related to the issue and a second paragraph exploring another topic (reason) also
related to that issue. This assignment is designed to let you explore what you know about the
In one paragraph, you will use a direct quote to support your topic. In the other paragraph,
you will use a paraphrase. Please see the explanation of a direct quote and paraphrase
below. You should treat these two paragraphs as body paragraphs and write them using
objective third-person language. You do not need to include an introduction or a conclusion
with this assignment.
1. Select ONE of these issues:
a. Cell Phone Bans in the Classroom
b. Sports Gender Pay Gap
c. Childhood Obesity
2. Go to the Library database and search for one article on the issue. Please do not use
Google to find this article. You should be using the Post University Library databases
rather than sources such as Wikipedia and Procon.org.
3. Read the article and underline important sentences that will offer information about the
issue you selected.
4. Create two paragraphs that explore that issue. Focus on those two reasons that you
highlighted above related to your issue. Each paragraph should begin with a clear topic
sentence. One of the paragraphs should include a direct quote. The other paragraph
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should include a paraphrase of a quote from the article. Be sure to include an in-text
citation for the direct quote, (Authors Last Name, year of publication, p. #), and an in-text
citation for the paraphrase, (Authors Last Name, year of publication). You should select a
direct quote and paraphrase that support the specific topics of each paragraph.
5. Make sure you create a reference page for the article you use in your paragraphs.
Sample of a Direct Quote and a Paraphrase
Direct Quote: When you direct quote, you take the exact words from the source and
put quotation marks around it, include a citation after the quote, and put the reference
for the article on the References page.
Here is an example of a direct quote on the subject of standardized testing:
A long trend line preceding the pandemic already points to institutions gradually
moving away from current standardized assessments (Ci, 2020, p. 34).
Paraphrase: When you paraphrase, you take the direct quote, stick to the same
length, and put it into your own words.
Here is an example of a paraphrase of the above direct quote:
Trends happening before the pandemic indicate that many educational institutions are
getting away from assessments based on standardized testing (Ci, 2020).
For both the direct quote and paraphrase, you would include an in-text citation after
the evidence and also add the following reference on the references pageCai, L. (2020). Standardized testing in college admissions: Observations and
reflections. Educational Measurement: Issues and Practice, 39(3), 3436.
Submit a Word document or PDF.
Include an APA formatted title page and proper APA style formatting on the document
(Times New Roman, 12-point font suggested), with 1-inch margins and doublespaced.
Each paragraph should be 79 sentences.
Use evidence from an academic and reliable library resource that includes a
direct quote and paraphrase. Make sure to include that evidence in your essay
with parenthetical citations and a references page. Follow proper APA format
when including that evidence.