Escalante’s ability to help students who have not previously been good at math become adept at advanced math is evidence of his ability to simplify complex ideas for his followers. The same is true of his ability to convey the consequences for adult life to teenagers who can’t yet clearly conceive of adulthood. Transformational leaders inspire followers in part by expressing complex ideas in ways their followers can readily grasp.

In real life, Jaime Escalante eventually left Garfield High School to teach elsewhere. Imagine that you work for a transformative leader who leaves your organization to pursue a new opportunity. You now have a new manager who is not as talented a leader.

Select the correct answers to the following question.

Your manager has left, and their successor is not as skilled a leader. Which characteristics of employees at your organization would substitute for the missing leadership?